GBV is a pervasive human rights concern for West Africa, however, limited research exists on how to address GBV by targeting its root cause, harmful social norms. Shame, fear of ostracization, isolation, and cultural norms, compound the effects of GBV and contribute to under-reporting, inadequate statistics, weak warning systems, and a lack of needed psychological, medical and legal response services for GBV survivors.
While efforts and progress to address GBV and achieve equality and empowerment for women and girls are visible in the urban centers and among the elite, these efforts have not effectively cascaded to the lowest levels of society in rural areas - where the majority of women can be found. Therefore, for actions to have impact there is a need to design and implement interventions informed by evidence from the ground that speak to the daily realities of the majority.
Ultimately, GBV in all its forms is symptomatic of women’s social, political and economic marginalization. Low-scale existing data confirms that combined interventions, which adopt a social norms approach, address structural gender inequalities, and GBV, have the potential to positively influence women’s economic empowerment. Addressing the systemic causes and manifestations of GBV to advance women’s empowerment therefore requires a holistic approach and long-term commitment to developing sound public policies informed by primary research and local knowledge.
To this end TrustAfrica is implementing a 2-year project that seeks to address gender-based violence as one of the persistent obstacles to women’s empowerment in Francophone West Africa, specifically in 3 focus countries, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Mali. Under this project TrustAfrica will in addition to targeting discriminatory social norms and institutions, also analyze the decline in feminist social movements in the region and develop appropriate mobilization and community engagement strategies to amplify the voices of women in new social formations.
While TrustAfrica has identified the need to strengthen and invest in efforts to prevent and eliminate gender-based violence through change of social norms, research, technical assistance, and capacity building, support is needed to determine the nature and scope of gender-based violence in the three countries, the shape of any future investments in this areas as well as to ensure that any investments are coupled with diplomatic and advocacy strategies for lasting change.
This Terms of Reference proposes a Scoping Study on the prevention and elimination of gender-based violence in Senegal, Mali, and Burkina Faso, with a view of informing future TrustAfrica investments, advocacy, and engagement in this space. The Scoping Study will be specific to Senegal, Mali, and Burkina Faso and promote a holistic and coordinated approach to supporting gender-based violence prevention and elimination; and supporting feminist social movements across the different aspects of TA’s interventions under this project.
II. The Assignment
The main goal of the project is to contribute to social norm change for gender equality and empowerment of women and girls in Senegal, Burkina Faso and Mali. To this end the aim of this study is to generate evidence and provide a good understanding of the types and scale of gender-based violence, mainly in rural areas in the regions of –South (Sedhiou and Kolda) and South East (Kedougou) regions in Senegal; Kayes region, Koulikoro, and Bamako in Mali; and Central and North Plateau, Centre North, Hauts Bassins and Cassades in Burkina Faso. These areas where identified as ones with high GBV prevalence rates in the target countries.
In addition, the study will influence transformative change processes towards increased recognition of gender-based violence and its impact, and willingness to end it through multi stakeholder partnerships in the target countries.
It is envisaged that the scoping study will need to cover a number of different areas relating to prevention and elimination of GBV and changing social norms. These must include at a minimum:
The final Scoping Study report should provide recommendations that leverage momentum instigated by the respective governments, development partners, international and local stakeholders. The recommendations could cover any of a number of different interventions, but should be prioritized and realistic, taking into account TA’s current capacity and resource capabilities.
The consultant is expected to make the following deliverables:
A. Methodological Note (which will form part of the intermediary report)
The methodological note will be gender, age and culturally appropriate for a scoping study to gain a deeper understanding of the nature of discrimination and violence against women and girls in the localities in the targeted countries. The methodology should include:
Information on the regions in the targeted countries related to the: a) level of violent crimes and perceptions of crime, including gender-based violence; b) socio-economic indicators; c) existence of actual, or potential, engagement of women’s grassroots groups and organizations; d) existence of, or the potential for, effective, efficient, available and accessible services in response to violence against women; and e) willingness from local authorities to support and cooperate on this project. The intermediary report will include data obtained from various sources, as well as close consultations with municipal authorities and local institutions, including police, social work services, health and women and girls themselves;
Methods for data collection, including on-site survey with women and girls in the communities in the regions in the target countries (focus group discussions); semi-structured interviews with stakeholders, opinion and local, local actors, religious leaders, cultural leader (Key informant interviews); focus groups; safety audit walks; and structured observations;
Information on how grassroots women’s groups are going to be involved in the development of the scoping study.
B. Full Scoping Study Report
The full scoping study report which will provide good understanding of the:
The report should include comprehensive recommendations on building safer and gender sensitive communities for women and girls; and how best civil society can be engaged at the grassroots and national level in the prevention and elimination of gender-based violence in the target communities
The report should also include comprehensive recommendations on how to develop appropriate mobilization and engagement strategies to amplify the voices of women – through feminist social movements - in new social formations and strengthen their engagements to address GBV and harmful social norms and institutions.
C. Multimedia Files
Multimedia file(s) of the scoping study with multimedia evidence particularly encouraged, including but not limited to photographs, maps, clips, recordings, which should be integral part of the scoping study report and made available in soft copy (in full respect of confidentially of all respondents, and other ethical and safety standards).
D. Advocacy Strategy
Advocacy strategy to influence the implementation of the recommendations stemming from the scoping study.
Note: All preliminary documents such as the intermediary report and report structure together with media information must be initially approved by TrustAfrica.
Activities/ Tasks and Responsibilities
To facilitate the implementation of the above-mentioned objectives, Trust Africa will be contracting national consultants based in Mali, Senegal and Burkina Faso. Under the overall supervision and guidance of the Program officer, the contractor will be responsible to deliver the tasks with the focus specified as below:
* Draft profile of the project communities in the target countries including specific legislations, policies and provisions that act as enablers of or barriers to greater gender inclusion and equality with respect to women and girl’s mobility, accessibility and safety in these areas.
* Mapping of key stakeholders at the local level, and prior consultations about the study, including in particular relevant State agencies that play an important role in the area of prevention and protection of women and girls from violence;
* Information on already existing organizations or project related to ending violence against women and women safety and interventions already implemented,
* Description of each method of data collection (see first deliverable)
* Identification of key stakeholders to be involved in the study
* Drafting of the intermediary report, which should include the methodology for data collection and an analysis responding to the following objectives of the scoping study: i.e. (i) profile the selected target areas to provide justification for the selection and insight into their demographic, social, cultural, economic and other relevant characteristics; (ii) analyze development policies, plans and relevant initiatives; and (iii) overview of relevant existing services and relevant projects being implemented in the selected areas.
2. Primary Data Collection and drafting of the report:
* Collect data, based on the agreed methods of data collection, including on-site survey with women and girls, community members; semi-structured interviews with stakeholders; focus groups; audits for responses to GBV; and structured observations;
* Data analysis and synthesis to prepare the report of the Scoping study.
* Final Report of the Scoping Study, including comprehensive recommendations on prevention and elimination of GBV and strengthening of feminist social movements.
The report should be submitted in French.
* Photographs/ transcripts/ recording of the interviews, FGDs and records of methods for data collection
* Consent letters from the groups interviewed
3. Compilation of Multimedia Data
Compile evidence of the scoping study, including but not limited to photographs, maps, clips, recordings, which should be integral part of the scoping study report and made available on the multimedia site (in full respect of confidentially of all respondents, and other ethical and safety standards).
4. Consultations and Advocacy
* Coordinate a consultation meeting with key interviewees and local stakeholders to validate findings, analysis and recommendations, and submit comments to Trust Africa
* Organize the launch of the final report and provide an advocacy strategy and media plan for raising awareness of the local administration in the areas where the study will be conducted and the public at large. Setting and invitees will be initially discussed and agreed with Trust Africa;
* Final report is launched and shared widely with stakeholders and media
* The final report of the study and all supporting documents will be provided in French with a user-friendly content and language.
* The consultant will be responsible for the design and printing of the final report;
All the steps of the drafting of the scoping study and advocacy plan/ strategy must be previously cleared and approved by Trust Africa.
III. Position Requirements
TrustAfrica invites suitably qualified individuals (herewith referred to as consult) to submit their expression of interests with a detailed workplan that includes a timeline for the assignment, and a proposed outline and methodology for conducting the assignment (to be consulted with and approved by TrustAfrica).
The consultant engaged to undertake the assignment must fulfill the following requirements:
- Previous experience in conducting surveys, research and studies at the local and national level in the area of gender equality or gender-based violence;
- Strong links to the network of public and civic stakeholders operating at the national and local levels;
- Previous experience in issues related to gender equality will be considered an asset.
- Ability to review and draw analysis from previous researches, preparation of reports and studies;
- Ability to gather, appraise and analyze quantitative and qualitative data elicited via desk and field work.
- Knowledge and experience with the targeted geographical areas;
- Knowledge in methods of monitoring, studies/surveys, publications and data analysis at national level;
- Knowledge in gender equality issues and violence against women;
- Knowledge of social movements, specific knowledge on feminist social movements will be an added advantage
- Advanced degree in sociology, psychology, gender studies, political sciences, law, human rights, development studies, and/or other related areas relevant for the assignment;
- Minimum of 5 years, experience and strong background in developing methodologies and research work, conducting surveys, studies, and similar publications including collection and interpretation of quantitative and qualitative data;
- If submitting as consultancy firm, a minimum of 3 years of work experience with the firm submitting expression of interest;
- Language proficiency in both written and oral French
IV. Timeframe Linked to Deliverables
The duration of this assignment is 12 weeks within the estimated deadlines for the expected deliverables as below:
Deliverable and Key activities
Methodology and drafting of the intermediary report (consulted and approved by Trust Africa)
End of Week 3
Primary Data collection and drafting of the report
End of Week 7
Compilation of multimedia evidence of scoping study
End of Week 8
Consultations and advocacy
End of Week 12
The payments shall be made ins instalments as per price schedule, in line with expected deliverables as per these ToRs and after the submission and acceptance of invoices by Trust Africa
VI. Communication and Reporting Obligations
The Consultant will be responsible for providing regular reports to Trust Africa on progress of the assignment and consult on any changes that may occur, to adjust the agreed work plan.
VII. How to Apply
Expressions of Interest (EOI) should be received no later than Friday 8th March 2019. The main body of the EOI should be a maximum of 5 pages and should include the following:
- A (3-page max) cover letter including:
- Consultant’s daytime phone numbers and email contacts;
- A demonstration of the consultant’s understanding of the project and the requirements of the TOR;
- Focus areas/ questions to guide the evaluation;
- Any recommendations for the modification of the TOR;
- Demonstrate experience in conducting impact evaluations for donor funded human rights projects;
- Proposed schedule of availability between March – May 2019; and
- The Consultant’s budget.
- A (2-page max) CV of the Consultant, outlining previous Consultant experience and accomplishments as it relates to the skills and knowledge needed to fulfill the requirements of the TOR,
- List of 3 referees who can attest to Consultant’s experience and expertise as it relates to this
Trust Africa will review the EOI against this recommended outline in combination with the preceding Section III (Position requirements). Please consider yourself unsuccessful if you do not hear back from us by Friday 22 March 2019.