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Apr 11 2017

CALL FOR PROPOSALS: Assessing private sector investments and opportunities for improved smallholder agriculture policies in Africa

The CAADP Non-State-Actors Coalition (CNC) in collaboration with TrustAfrica, is currently accepting applications from suitable consultant(s) to carry out a study on Assessing private sector investments and opportunities for improved smallholder agriculture policies in Africa.” The project seeks to identify knowledge gaps on public and private sector investments in Africa within the context of CAADP goals at the national and continental levels. It specifically aims to address the lack of in-depth research, data and analysis on the patterns, dynamics, actors, channels, magnitude, and development impacts of the different modes of private sector investments on smallholder farmers, local investment and value chains development. The research will identify the opportunities of private sector investments to support smallholder farming, including women and youth. This will contribute to expand the evidence base to inform non-state actors’ policy advocacy action in demanding inclusive and equitable investments in African smallholder agriculture.

Purpose of the Terms of Reference

The purpose of this TOR is to seek proposals from suitable organizations, individuals and/or consortia to undertake research to assess the extent, impact and opportunities of private sector investments for smallholders, especially, the national processes championed by the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (NAFSN), with the aim of strengthening local private sector and how NSAs can engage private sector investments to ensure smallholder inclusion.  

Background

There is an on-going focus on the potential of agriculture in Africa, largely invigorated by the adoption of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program Framework (CAADP) in 2003, along with ten-year bound set of targets, generally referred to as the Maputo Declaration. By 2014, however, several assessments revealed that, despite the noticeable progress recorded because of CAADP, so much more remains to be done to reprioritize agriculture as an engine for economic growth and wealth creation, achieve inclusive and equitable agricultural transformation for the most vulnerable. At the 2014, AU heads of state summit the leaders renewed their commitment to the goals of CAADP with the adoption of the Malabo Declaration, in which, commitments were made to end hunger and halve poverty by 2025 through inclusive agricultural growth and transformation.[1]

In Malabo, there was consensus on the need for concrete action and delivering tangible results to improve accountability, resource use and delivery to Africa’s farming populations.  Consequently, the Sustaining CAADP Results Framework was designed to monitor the implementation of the commitments made in the Malabo Declaration over the next ten years; creating a coherent basis to carry out reviews of progress through mutual learning and mutual accountability. There was also a recognition that rural development is an engine for growth and transformation for a significant proportion of the population and recognition that smallholder farming is a key contributor in delivering increased and sustainable agricultural productivity. However, only 10 countries out of the 53 that have signed up to CAADP lived up to their commitment to spend 10% or more of the national budget on agriculture development. This has shown that there is still much to be done to reprioritise agriculture as an engine for economic growth and achieve inclusive and equitable agricultural transformation for the most vulnerable. This was also reflected and emphasised through the 12th CAADP Partnership Platform meeting held in April 2016, whose theme ‘Innovative financing and renewed partnerships’, underscored the need to re-energize agriculture financing, calling for improved support from private in addition to public sources.

Meanwhile, the conversation of maximizing the investment potentials in support of Africa’s agricultural transformation agenda had already been underway a few years before the Malabo Declaration was adopted. That conversation at the global level, led to the development and adoption of several initiatives to complement inadequate public investment in African agriculture and in a bid to leverage responsible private investment to support development. One of these initiatives is the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (NAFSN), launched in May 2012 with the backing of the G8[2]. The NAFSN aims to attract private investment in agriculture, to complement public investment, by creating the conditions, through well targeted reforms, that will allow the countries concerned to improve agricultural productivity and develop their agri-food sectors. Ten countries have since signed on to the NAFSN and include Tanzania, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Mozambique, Senegal, Malawi, Benin and Ethiopia. Its envisaged methodology, through encouraging private sector investment has noble goals for improving market oriented agribusiness investments and improving agriculture productivity, thus reducing dependency on food imports and aid. Specifically, the objectives of the NAFSN are to:

  • Reaffirm continued donor commitment to reducing poverty and hunger
  • Accelerate implementation of key components of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)
  • Leverage the potential of responsible private investment to support development goals
  • Help lift 150 million people out of poverty in Africa by 2022
  • Achieve sustained inclusive, agriculture-led growth in Africa 

Since the adoption of NAFSN in 2012 by the G8, its implementation has been trailed by contentions regarding its viability as a program conceived to support African agricultural development. Indeed, an assessment of Country Cooperation Frameworks (CCFs), which are meant to guide country level engagements and the extent to which they promote unsustainable models of agricultural production, focusing on mechanization and regard for the balance between high yields and nutrition, local smallholder farmers’ traditional seed systems, and the rights and interests of vulnerable groups including poor rural farmers, especially women, who are often dispossessed of their lands and driven out of their means of livelihoods in the process is necessary.[3] Furthermore, there is need to review the institutional processes and structures through which the New Alliance is coordinated to deepen transparency and accountability, representativeness and effective participation by target groups/communities. While farmers’ organisations and civil society organisations are represented on the leadership council, they have advocated for a more pro-smallholder implementation of the NAFSN, especially in ensuring that disadvantaged communities in different parts of Africa are not further marginalized.[4]

There is a need to review how the New Alliance has engaged in the process of advancing its professed goals, especially in ensuring that disadvantaged communities in different parts of Africa are not marginalized.[5]

The proposed research seeks to address identified critical knowledge gaps amongst Non-State Actors, especially farmers’ organisations and CSOs on the private sector investments and the NAFSN and implementation at country level in relation to Country CAADP plans and activities. The research will also help to inform civil society organisations on how to engage with NAFSN implementation, strengthen advocacy and policy responses for equitable and inclusive agriculture development in Africa, and help to identify areas for capacity building within the CSO and smallholder farmer community.

Project Scope:

The consultant(s) will undertake a review of the extent and impact of New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (NAFSN) related investments on small scale agro-producers. The Consultant will carry out an indicative review of selected projects undertaken under the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition (NAFSN) program, in 4 select reference countries, namely Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Mozambique and Tanzania. The analysis should be focused on how NAFSN related investments have impacted small scale producers and provide recommendations for Non-State-Actors engagement with the New Alliance.

The consultant will:

  1. Carry out a comprehensive review of existing credible and relevant literature on the private sector investments in African Agriculture. These should include official reports, academic materials and CSOs publications (including reports, analytical articles, position statements, etc. related to Private Sector Investments in African Agriculture).
  2. Carry out a review of the NAFSN official guiding policy frameworks and documents
  3. Explore country implementation in the selected 4 countries and summarize salient issues arising from the NAFSN implementation, especially as they affect target communities.
  4. Summarize 4 NAFSN projects as case studies from the four countries that illustrate salient issues involved in the NAFSN implementation.
  5. Identify recommendations on how the NSAs can best engage with the NAFSN and public private partnerships to ensure responsible investments that provide inclusive development opportunities for smallholder farming,
  6. Identify recommendations on how the NSAs can best represent the needs of small scale producers on the New Alliance Leadership Council to further a greater understanding of smallholder farming challenges and increased support for pro-smallholder investments.

Methodology

The project will adopt a participatory methodology in which inputs into the final research will include not only the insights of the researchers, but perspectives and thoughts from experts, practitioners as well as the project partner. The consultant will undertake the following processes:

  1. Liaise with the project partners working group to clarify the objectives and methodology of the assignment.
  2. Carry out a desk review of relevant information and analytical materials that relate to the New Alliance implementation.
  3. Carry out necessary field studies in 4 countries to actualize the project objectives.
  4. Carry out Telephone or Internet-based surveys and qualitative interviews.[6]
  5. Prepare a comprehensive report of findings.
  6. Participate in review and validation meetings of the study findings with selected NSAs
  7. Receive and incorporate feedback from the validation workshop and deliver final report.

Deliverables

The following deliverables are expected of the consultant:

  1. Study Inception Report presented for comments at study inception meeting with project partners to clarify methodology and will include preliminary review of literature; proposed data collection tools and methodology, activity schedule and any cost estimate revisions.
  2. Study Report: Draft 1: A draft report will be submitted within 6 weeks after commencement of field work.
  3. Study Report Draft 2: The second draft report including comments on the first draft of the study will be presented at a validation meeting
  4. Final report and policy brief. The final report and a policy brief, synthesized from the study recommendations on Non-State Actors engagement.

Duration

The assignment will be carried out over 30 days, spread over a period of three months.

Reporting Requirements: The Consultant(s) will work closely with the project partners’ and communicate regularly on the progress of their work, including any difficulties encountered and submit report to this team.

The final report of the study must contain the following sections (and any other additional sections that the consultants deem necessary):

  1. Table of Contents
  2. Abbreviations/ Acronyms
  3. Executive Summary
  4. Introduction
  5. Background
  6. Methodology
  7. Analysis, Report Findings including case Studies:
  8. Conclusion and Recommendations
  9. References and interviewees. All materials consulted should clearly and reasonably acknowledge to guard against plagiarism and intellectual property right

All other relevant information for a succinct comprehension of the report should be organized under a terminal section titled “Annex” or “Appendix”

The Consultant will also submit all quantitative and qualitative datasets generated during the study. This will include completed questionnaires, data analysis sheets (in soft copies) and interview transcripts.

The study reports and its data remain the property of the project partners TrustAfrica and CNC and can only be shared by written permission of the project partners.

Proposal submission guidelines

Proposals in response to the TOR should be concise, and outline the proposed methodology. All proposals should be submitted in MS Word Format. The deadline for submission is 26th April 2017. The successful bid will be notified by the 30th of April 2017

All proposals must be submitted with an accompanying budget outlining all fees and costs related to the project. 

Bidders should also provide the following items as part of their proposal:

  1. Description of experience undertaking research of a similar nature
  2. Resumes of key staff/personnel who will be available for the project
  3. One sample research paper/report
  4. Proposed timeframe for completion of the project

Specific contract terms and conditions including scope, budget, project timelines, and other necessary items pertaining to the project, will be discussed and finalized with the winning bidders.

Selection Criteria

All proposals will be evaluated based on the following criteria:

  • Overall proposal suitability: proposed research project and methodological

framework must respond to the context, needs and scope set out above and

be presented in a clear and organized manner.

  • Organizational Experience: Bidders will be evaluated on their experience as

it pertains to the scope of this project.

  • Previous work: Bidders will be evaluated on examples of their work

pertaining to the scope of this project as well as credible references.

  • Value and cost: Bidders will be evaluated on their proposed budget based on

the work to be performed in accordance with the scope of this project

  • Technical expertise and experience: Bidders must provide descriptions and

documentation of staff technical expertise and experience. 

For further clarification, bidders can write to the project partners TrustAfrica and CNC on the This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. The deadline for questions is 26th April 2017.

Applications should be sent via email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. by close of business on the 26th April 2017 GMT.

 


[1] Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, June 2014.

[2] United Kingdom, European Union, Russia

[3] http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/535010/EXPO_STU(2015)535010_EN.pdf

[4] https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-10-06-leaving-leadership-council-new-alliance-food-security-and-nutrition

[5] https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-10-06-leaving-leadership-council-new-alliance-food-security-and-nutrition

[6] A list will be provided by the CNC Secretariat, the consultant will have the possibility to suggest additional groups to be interviewed.

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