ICBE Research Reports
Over the past two decades, Africa has achieved remarkable economic growth, outpacing most other regions in the world.
Notre étude sur le soutien de l’entrepreneuriat féminin par la microfinance part du constat que les contraintes financières constituent le principal obstacle au développement de la micro entreprise féminine et que la femme se retrouverait dans la catégorie systématiquement exclue du système financier bancaire. Notre démarche méthodologique nous a conduit à l’analyse documentaire et à l’enquête de terrain auprès d’un échantillon de 200 répondantes. Après analyse, nous avons abouti à la conclusion selon laquelle le système de microfinance permet de gérer une des contraintes principales de la femme entrepreneure (Le non accès des femmes aux services financiers classiques).
L'objectif premier de ce travail de recherche repose sur l'évaluation de l'impact du capital humain sur la productivité et la pauvreté. La méthodologie requise s'articule en trois étapes : la première consiste d'une part en la construction des différentes courbes de Lorenz, et d'autre part, en la spécification de la demande de soins. La seconde nous conduit à la construction du modèle à équations simultanées ; et pour finir la spécification du modèle logit ordonné.
In nutshell, reforms in the energy sector in Kenya essentially involved vertical separation and gradual deregulation of competitive segments, from those that were deemed to have natural monopolistic characteristics and subject to price, network access, service quality and entry regulations. The expectation was that the regulatory mechanisms would provide more powerful incentives for regulated firms to reduce energy generation costs, improve service quality in a cost effective manner, stimulate the introduction of new products and services and stimulate efficient investment in pricing of access to regulated infrastructure services.
Mozambique has been one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, since the mid 1990s. One of the major contributors for this growth is the tourism sector, thanks to its natural comparative advantage: a long cost with yet unexploited natural assets. In fact since the end of the civil war, the sector has improved markedly in line with the general trend of the rest of the economy. From 1995 to 2007 the total investment in the sector amounted to 1.8 billion US$, almost 14% of the same period authorized projects. Just in 2006 alone close US$ 200 million was invested and the physical hotel capacity is reported to have grown by more than 50% in the last 8 years.
Research into small business activity has grown impressively over the last decade, though studies on the impact of regulation on business performance remains relatively under-explored. SMEs in Africa face difficulties in infrastructure, finance, as well as in complying with regulations and other governmental requirements. Confronted with poor economic performance, Cameroon began looking at policies to improve SMEs performance and to promote economic growth. This study hence examined the impact of regulation on SMEs performance and growth in Cameroon. The Tax department and the Municipality are the most well-known regulators. Businesses that are aware of their status as SMEs also legally register their companies. However, regulatory compliance of SMEs is low. Therefore the study recommends the establishment of one-stop shop for SMEs registration in Cameroon.
La présente étude, qui constitue un essai d'évaluation des modes de règlement de litiges commerciaux au Maroc, (ci-après MRLC) permet de déterminer la nature et l'ampleur des obstacles entravant l'existence au Maroc, d'une justice commerciale de qualité et d'un environnement d'affaires plus propice.
There is general agreement among national governments and foreign aid donors that the food security situation in most developing countries is worsening. In the African region, almost half the population is being considered to be food insecure. To achieve food security, a country must be able to grow sufficient food. Since most developing countries rely on their agricultural production for their food security, it follows that food insecurity is mainly due to deficient agricultural production and low productivity. A main reason for this situation is that seed and planting material of adapted varieties required by farmers are not always available when needed, a situation often referred to as seed insecurity. There have been consistent efforts by the various national governments to put in place policies and programmes that ensure adequate seed supply systems (Omaliko, 1998).
Health care policy in most developing countries has emphasized the development of government owned health services, largely financed by government revenues. But most public health services in developing countries are severely under–resourced which resulted in many problems and limitations in the provision of health services. Over most of the period since the Second World War, attention has focused on how to plan, develop and improve yields of the public investments in the health sector. However, the efforts towards that seemed far from adequate. Due to this situation within the public sector, the private health sector appeared to offer promise means of improving or avoiding the limitations of the public sector in delivering the needed health services.
L’entrepreneuriat qui a connu un grand développement concret et un important intérêt scientifique est un champ disciplinaire particulier. En effet, l’étude de ce champ est actuellement au coeur des analyses et des débats théoriques et la création d’entreprises s’est avérée un véritable moteur de développement économique.
This was an explanatory study that adopted a survey approach to examine the role of prior knowledge and entrepreneurial orientation on access to new markets by a sample of MSEs, from small-scale earthenware manufacturers in Western Kenya. The study was conducted in three districts: Kakamega, Bungoma and Kisumu.
Uganda‟s competitiveness and growth highly depends on primary productivity of natural resources. The fisheries sector has emerged to be a key foreign exchange earner by generating USD 143,168 million in 2005 representing approximately 12 % GDP.
Dans un contexte international où le savoir est considéré comme un des principaux facteurs de compétitivité, plusieurs pays africains ont entrepris de vastes réformes en vue de transformer leur système d’enseignement supérieur pour qu’il contribue davantage au développement économique et social.
Les récents émeutes de février/mars 2008 provoqués par « la vie chère » et la révision constitutionnelle au Cameroun, au cours des quels les installations des entreprises étrangères ont été particulièrement attaquées par les émeutiers, relance l’actualité d’une problématique combinant l’instabilité socio-politique et son influence sur les performances économiques dans les pays en développement.
Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Export of labor is increasingly seen as the most profitable way of global trading, with less capital investment and risks on the part of the sending country and the expectation of high returns in the form of remittances. Many LDC countries especially those with close proximity to the wealthy high labor demanding countries have benefited significantly from foreign exchange remittances arising from their labor exports.
Retailing, the sale of goods and services to the ultimate consumer for personal, family or household use (Berman and Evans, 2004; Cox and Roger, 1996), does not only provide value to consumers by offering an assortment of goods and services, it also contributes significantly to gross domestic product (GDP) through investment in technology, employment income, and generation of government revenue through taxation and tax collection.
Corporate governance is particularly of importance in the Nigeria banking industry where a number of financial failures and questionable business practices had negatively impinged investors‟ confidence.
Uganda presently has over 4 million mobile phone subscribers with three service providers and two additional ones laying infrastructure, about to commence operations. The telecom sector has been one of the high growth sectors in the economy quickly becoming the largest contributor of tax to government in the last 4 years.
The study focused on studying the nature of contracts, contract enforcement and dispute resolution in SMEs in Uganda. The study was motivated by the fact that SMEs and suppliers in Uganda have adversarial relationships which are often characterized by many problems which would otherwise have been resolved by effective contracts.
Since mid-1970's fixed foreign currency exchange regimes have been disbanded in many countries. With the support of the Bretton-Woods institutions and other leading financial institutions there has been since the 80’s and much more recently disbanding of fixed foreign exchange regimes in Africa, Asia and in Eastern Europe. Countries with diverse economic and financial structures have adopted market - determined foreign exchange rate systems.
Fish is an important source of protein for the world population. Worldwide more than 38 million people are directly engaged in fishing and fish farming as a source of income (FAO, 2004). The fishing sector is a source of income for firms and individuals and contributes to poverty alleviation as well as achieving food security. The total world trade of fish and fish products reached US$58.2 billions in 2002, depicting a rise of 45% in terms of value and 41% in terms of quantity since 1992 (FAO, 2004)