Experiences in Africa and around the world have indicated that the end of conflict does not automatically lead to sustainable peace and transition to democratic rule with rule of law and respect for human rights. They proved rather that transitional justice (TJ) is indispensable to achieve this end. Indeed there is a need to initiate TJ processes to recognize victims of atrocity crimes and secure accountability for those crimes. In fact this has proved to secure civic trust and national reconciliation and at least promises democratic rule in Africa. It must be noted that transitional TJ processes would not see success without the initiatives of Civil Society Organizations’ (CSOs)) ground preparatory work of fact finding and documentation. Although their preparatory work has proved success of many TJs in securing accountability in Africa, it would be misleading to say this work is a smooth road.