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Policy Briefs

The policy brief is a document which outlines the rationale for choosing a particular policy alternative or course of action in a current policy debate

Crédit bancaire et performance des petites et moyennes entreprises tchadiennes à l’ère pétrolière

L'objectif de ce policy brief est d'informer les entreprises, les banques et l'État sur l'influence du crédit bancaire sur la performance des entreprises tchadiennes à l'ère pétrolière. Spécifiquement, il montre que le crédit bancaire est un levier de la performance économique (chiffre d'affaires) et sociale (effectif des employés) des entreprises tchadiennes.

File Size:
230.11 kB
Date:
31 octobre 2013








Une analyse de la compétitivité de l’industrie camerounaise : Le cas du secteur agroalimentaire

La présente recherche a pour objectif d'analyser la compétitivité de l'industrie agroalimentaire au Cameroun. Au niveau sectoriel, l'évolution du commerce des produits alimentaires et de la valeur ajoutée est examinée, tandis qu'au niveau de l'entreprise, un modèle économétrique de la productivité du travail est évalué par type d'entreprise (très petite et petites entreprises – TPPE –, moyennes entreprises – ME – et grandes entreprises – GE). Les résultats indiquent un avantage comparatif limité se traduisant par la position d'importateur net et une orientation du commerce vers l'interbranche du  Cameroun.

File Size:
971.38 kB
Date:
30 octobre 2013
Author:
Jules René Minkoua Nzié








Facteurs explicatifs de l’entrepreneuriat féminin en Afrique subsaharienne : Cameroun et Kenya

Dans les deux pays étudiés, les résultats issus des analyses des données collectées auprès d'entrepreneurs et des porteurs des projets de création d'entreprises et des analyses des entretiens approfondis  avec les responsables de mise en œuvre des politiques et programmes concernant l'entrepreneuriat et les femmes entrepreneures confortent l'idée selon laquelle les obstacles à l'entrepreneuriat féminin résident au niveau contextuel plus qu'au niveau individuel.

File Size:
284.50 kB
Date:
30 octobre 2013
Author:
RWENGE MBURANO, NJERI KINYANJUI, MAINA Lucy








L’impact de la « qualité » de la gouvernance sur la rentabilité durable des entreprises familiales dans le contexte d’un pays en développement : le cas du Cameroun

Nous tentons de cerner les déterminants de la « qualité » de la gouvernance d'entreprise et d'investiguer empiriquement le lien entre la rentabilité durable de 120 entreprises familiales camerounaises et  trois indicateurs (la taille de l'équipe dirigeante, la concentration de la propriété et l'âge du dirigeant). Pour atteindre notre objectif, nous avons apprécié la « qualité » de la gouvernance par un score  d'efficience basé sur la méthode d'analyse de l'enveloppement des données (AED). Les résultats montrent que l'amélioration de la qualité de la gouvernance et partant, de la rentabilité serait tributaire de  la taille de l'équipe dirigeante et de la concentration du capital.

File Size:
816.92 kB
Date:
30 octobre 2013
Author:
Ndongo Obama Jean








Factors Affecting the Internationalisation of Manufacturing SMEs in Zimbabwe

This policy brief presents evidence that SME internationalisation is at very low level in Zimbabwe. It identifies the major factors that are inhibitors of SME internationalisation in the manufacturing sector,  including negative attitudes by SME owner/managers, lack of international market knowledge, risk perception by owner/ managers, inadequate financial resources, poor networks and unfavourable  regulation. Furthermore, it outlines the actions the government and industry associations need to take to improve the performance of manufacturing SMEs through internationalisation. It is recommended  that government should work closely with SME associations to better understand their resource needs.

File Size:
472.48 kB
Date:
26 septembre 2013
Author:
Mupemhi Shepherd, Richard Duve and Ronicah Mupemhi








Funding Youth Entrepreneurship in SMEs: A Panacea for Youth Unemployment in Niger-Delta , Nigeria

The objective of this study was to identify profitable and viable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which could form a basis for a youth economic empowerment programme in the crisis-torn Niger  Delta Region. Data analysed formed a basis for identifying profitable enterprises, and preparing financial proposals. The proposals can be used to source funds, which would enable youth to either work with  the identified SMEs or expand existing ones.

File Size:
1.18 MB
Date:
26 septembre 2013
Author:
Prof. A. C. Nwosu, Rev. Prof., O. O. Ukoha and Dr. O. R. Iheke








National Investment Policy for Aquaculture Parks in Uganda

According to the National Development Plan (NDP), fish farming in Uganda presents immense opportunities for socio-economic development, in terms of livelihood, income, and employment. The need  for the National Investment Policy for Aquaculture Parks in Uganda arose out of public demand for guidance on the investment in commercial scale aquaculture. Stakeholders in aquaculture demanded public guidance and support for implementation of the Aquaculture Parks Concept that is prioritized in Development Strategy and Investment Plan (DSIP) within the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and  Fisheries (MAAIF).

File Size:
879.30 kB
Date:
26 septembre 2013
Author:
Michael Mugabira








Constraints and Opportunities for Small and Medium- Sized Enterprises in Uganda’s Oil and Gas Sector

Although Uganda has undertaken several strategic interventions since the oil discovery in 2006, specific interventions that promote local small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to invest in the oil and gas value chain remain a challenge. In particular, a gap exists on available opportunities for SMEs to participate in the value chain, including potential business linkages and partnerships. In addition, there are  constraints that deter their competitive advantage. It is important to identify these constraints and convert them into opportunities to realise both the local content and the national oil and gas policy objectives.

File Size:
516.89 kB
Date:
26 septembre 2013
Author:
Rebecca Nalumu Wamono, Prosie Kikabi, and Johnny Mugisha








Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Growth and Innovation in Kenya: A Case of the Women Enterprise Fund

This policy brief outlines growth and innovation options available to the Government of Kenya with regard to womenowned enterprises. More specifically, it presents options on the efficiency and  sustainability of the Women Enterprise Fund (WEF), a government initiative aimed at promoting enterprise development among women. This policy brief also accompanies a report analysing expert  interviews, surveys with the managers and beneficiaries of WEF, and secondary evidence.

File Size:
429.24 kB
Date:
26 septembre 2013
Author:
Ruth N. Kiraka, Margaret Kobia and Allan M. Katwalo








Factors Influencing Risk Management Decisions of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Ghana

Despite the dynamic role of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Ghana's development, managers of these enterprises face several risks in their businesses. The occurrence of these risks may have  a disastrous effect on the entrepreneurs' toiled effort for business success, if not managed.

File Size:
778.88 kB
Date:
6 septembre 2013
Author:
Anselm Komla Abotsi








Impact of Investment Climate Reforms on Growth and Development of SMES: Comparisons from South Africa, Nigeria and Cameroon

Drawing from World Bank Investment Climate surveys, the main objective of Investment Climate Assessment (ICA) studies is to develop a better understanding of the constraints to investment and  sustained productivity growth in a given country.

File Size:
600.56 kB
Date:
6 septembre 2013
Author:
Samuel Fongwa and Gabila Nubong Fohtung








The Effects of Investment Climate on Manufacturing Firms’ Growth in Uganda

This study investigated the effects of investment climate on manufacturing firms' growth in Uganda using pseudo panel data. The low and stagnant level of manufacturing in the Gross Domestic Product  within most African countries has been widely recognized to be an important policy problem.

File Size:
249.24 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Niringiye Aggrey and Moses Ogwal








The Impact of Microfinance Service Delivery on the Growth of SMEs in Uganda

This policy brief examines the impact of microfinance service delivery on the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Eastern Uganda. The objectives of the study were as follows:  Establish whether MFIs service delivery lead to growth of business capital and stock accumulation; determine the affect of growth of employment of the business; influence of socioeconomic characteristics on the  growth of SMEs; and realize the constraining factors to accessing Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) services by SMEs.

File Size:
249.16 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Nahamya K. Wilfred Ajanga Max Omeke, Michael Tumwine Norman Nasinyama Moses Makoha








Women Entrepreneurship in Fresh Fruit and Vegetables (WEFFV) Project

The production and marketing of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables (FFV) has become an important economic activity for women in Zimbabwe for their livelihoods, income earning and food security. This brief  discusses the factors that affect women’s competitiveness in the FFV sector.

File Size:
226.62 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Prosper B. Matondi








Promoting Alternative Finance for SMEs in Uganda

This policy brief outlines policy actions the Government of Uganda, and other stakeholders, can take to help mitigate the perennial problem of limited access to finance by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It also outlines policy actions necessary to improve the SMEs' ability to forge effective business linkages with large FDI firms.

File Size:
483.35 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Geoffrey Bakunda PhD, George Walusimbi-Mpanga, Yvonne Munaabi, Ronald Kawule Jooga and Faith Kugonza








Agricultural Productivity, Climate Change and the Entrepreneurship of Smallholder Farmers: Case of the Central and Western Regions of Liberia

Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving food security through improvements in smallholder farmers' productivity. However, the 1989-2003 civil conflict destroyed the economic life of the  country, and reversed the positive trend towards food security. This situation undermined the growth of smallholder farmers' entrepreneurship.

File Size:
832.66 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Alfred K Tarway-Twalla








Integrating SMEs in the Devolved Government System; Policy Options for Institutional and Regulatory Framework in Kenya

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are an important sub-sector for the Kenyan economy. It employs about 85 percent of the Kenyan workforce (about 7.5 million Kenyans of the country's total employment). The current constitution  provides a new window of opportunity to address SME-related issues through regulatory and institutional framework under the devolved government system, as well as the new SME Act.

File Size:
379.90 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
David Ong’olo and Samson Awino








Economic Participation of Businesswomen in Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

Much of the interest in women’s entrepreneurship worldwide has been fuelled by the potential role they can play in economic development (Chamlou and Yared, 2005, Fielden and Davidson 2005). This  research investigates the possible problems businesswomen still face in Sudan, notwithstanding the government’s policies to promote businesswomen.

File Size:
786.60 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
ElKhider Ali Musa








Entrepreneuriat des jeunes et développement de l’esprit d’entreprise au Maroc : l’expérience de Moukawalati

Le programme Moukawalati, objet de notre recherche, vise à lutter contre le chômage des jeunes au Maroc à travers la promotion de l'esprit d'entreprise et l'amélioration du climat des affaires. À la lumière  des résultats de notre étude quantitative et qualitative, il apparaît que l'impact de ce programme est extrêmement faible. D'où la formulation de plusieurs recommandations pour promouvoir l'autoemploi des  jeunes au moyen de la création de micros et petites entreprises viables.

File Size:
154.58 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Mohamed Boussetta, Mohamed Ezznati, Fatima Zahra Achour, Driss Daoui, MohamedTorra, Ahmed Aït Haddout, Mounia Sliman, Ilham Elharraoui, Youssef Elkhatori








Solutions pratiques au problème de financement des PME au Cameroun

Le rôle des petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) dans la lutte contre le chômage et la relance de l’activité économique n’est plus à démontrer. Le Cameroun souffre jusqu’à nos jours d’un secteur privé à  plus de 90 % constitué de PME peu viables faute de financement, situation qui tend à s’accentuer avec l’avènement des crises financières. L’essor des PME demande donc la mise en oeuvre d’un  mécanisme efficace pour leur financement, pierre angulaire de leur santé et de leur épanouissement.

File Size:
169.44 kB
Date:
6 août 2013
Author:
Christian Lambert Nguena








 
 
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